Being developmental disorder, autism is incurable and it is visible in the early months after birth. Autism primarily delays and affects the behavioral aspects in a child. The autistic children have problems in dealing with – social relationships and communication. They also face major problems in realizing their interests and hobbies.
The causes of autism grossly remain unknown. In fact, in the past, there was no specific method of detecting autism in kids. Autistic kids have always been misunderstood. In school they were considered to be kids with a problem as they didn’t understand the lessons easily and were slow in responding. As a matter of fact they were considered to be weak students. However, the autistic kids can be highly talented in certain cases. If you have seen the movie Rain Man, you will remember the character played by Dustin Hoffman as an autistic person who had this amazing talent of counting numbers within a split second.
Autism affects people differently. One person might be very intelligent and yet suffer from autism while the other person might be totally introvert and intellectually challenged at the same time. In fact, autism has a wide range of symptoms and you can never really categorize it under one heading.
• No babbling within age 1
• Not a single word within 16 months or even speaking two-word phrases within age 2
• No reactions when his/her name is called
• Lack of social skills and language skills
• Eye contact – Poor
• Habit of lining up toys/cloths excessively
• Lack of social responsiveness
The secondary indications that emerge in the later days are:
• Impairment in ability to interact with peers
• Absence of imagination and social skills
• Stereotyped and unusual usage of language which is repetitive at the same time
• Restricted interest pattern which is quite abnormal at the same time
• Frequent preoccupation with certain things
• Inflexible observance of routines
Presently it is expected that teachers should have the minimum understanding about the functional problems faced by the kids in the school. This is not something to shy away from, they need help and understanding.